Hepatitis Awareness: 10 Liver Cancer Risks
February 28, 2011
Top 10 Liver Cancer Risk Factors
By Linda Fugate PhD
February 16, 2011
Liver cancer rates doubled in the United States between 1976 and 2002, and is one of the most deadly cancers worldwide. A recent review article reported on the risk factors:
- Hepatitis B or C virus infection. Worldwide, viral liver infections are the most common cause of liver cancer. Rates of hepatitis C infection are on the rise in the United States, and this is one contributing factor to the rising rates of liver cancer.
- Alcohol. Liver damage is the most familiar hazard of excessive alcohol consumption. Cirrhosis is a common step on the way to liver cancer.
- Obesity. A study of 28,129 individuals in Sweden showed a three-fold increase in liver cancer rates in obese patients. Excess weight is also associated with a higher mortality rate from this cancer. Rising rates of obesity may contribute to the increase in liver cancer rates.
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